Masjid al-Quba

The Quba Mosque (Quba' Masjid or Masjid al-Quba, Arabic: مسجد قباء), in the outlying environs of Medina in Saudi Arabia, is the oldest mosque in the world. Its first stones were positioned by the holy prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) as soon as he arrived on his emigration from the city of Mecca to Medina and the mosque was completed by his companions.

 

The holy prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) spent 14 days in this mosque during the Hijra praying qasr (a short prayer) while waiting for Ali ul Murtaza (rt) to arrive in Medina after the latter stayed behind in Mecca to carry out a couple of tasks entrusted to him by the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم).



According to Islamic tradition, offering two rakaʿāt of nafl prayers in the Quba Mosque is equal to performing one Umrah.

The holy prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) used to go there, riding or on foot, every Saturday and offer a two rak'ah prayer. He advised others to do the same, saying, "Whoever makes ablutions at home and then goes and prays in the Mosque of Quba, he will have a reward like that of an 'Umrah." This hadith is reported by Ahmad ibn Hanbal, Al-Nasa'i, Ibn Majah and Hakim al-Nishaburi.