Hijrah To Madina

In those days, it used to take 11 days to travel ( Apx.350 km) between Mecca nd Madina, but Hijrah, the camel carrying the Holy Prophet (peace be upon him) took only 8 days to reach Madina

 The distance between Mecca and Madina is about 350 kilometres. In those days, it used to take 11 days to travel between the two places. But in this instance, the camel carrying the Holy Prophet (peace be upon him) took only 8 days to reach Madina

Start of Journey

The Holy Prophet Muhammad(صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) starts his journey to Yathrib (later renamed as Madina) on 1st of Rabi-ul-Awwal (September 12, year 622 CE) from Makkah, with Abu Bakr (رضي الله عنه)

Allah (swt) cast a veil over the eyes of Makkans so they couldn't see anything

The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) left his house at night time, as the Makkans surrounded his house with plan to kill the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) after 13 years of preaching Islam. The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) threw dust on the head of those on watch, and passed by them with out noticed. Surah Yasin, Verse 9: And We have set a barrier before them and a barrier behind them, and We have cast a veil over their eyes so they do not see anything.In the morning they went into the Prophet’s house to kill him but instead they found Ali Al-Murtaza (رضي الله عنه) sleeping in his place. They left the house seeking the trails of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم).

Stayed in cave of Thawr for three nights

The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) and Abu Bakr (ضي الله عنه) went to the cave of Thawr to get out of the sight of the enemy. Aa’ishah (رضي الله عنها), the wife of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم), said: “… then the Messenger of Allaah (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) and Abu Bakr (رضي الله عنه) headed towards a cave on the mountain of Thawr, and they hid in it for three nights, during which ‘Abd-Allaah ibn Abi Bakr – who was a smart young lad – stayed with them at night then left just before dawn (at the end of the night) so that he would be among Quraysh in Makkah when morning came, as if he had spent the night among them. He used to listen out to see what they were planning, then he would bring news of that [to the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) and Abu Bakr (ضي الله عنه)] when darkness came…” (Reference: Sahih al-Bukhaari (3905)

A spider weave a web and pigeons laid eggs at the mouth of the cave

Allah ordered a tree to grow at the mouth of the cave to cover it and two wild pigeons were ordered to sit in front of the cave one of which laid eggs (mentioned by Ibn Katheer in al-Bidaayah wa’l-Nihaayah (3/223)). A spider was inspired to weave a web at the mouth of the cave (narrated by Imam Ahmad (3241) from Ibn ‘Abbaas (رضي الله عنه)) . When the men of Quraysh came holding their staffs and swords, they stood by the cave and looked around and they saw the pigeons with their eggs and the spider web. They figured that if the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) and his companion had entered the cave they would have destroyed the eggs and the web, so they turned back and left defeated. They stayed in the cave for three nights and then headed towards Madinah. Quran: Both the Messenger (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) and Abu Bakr (ضي الله عنه) were in the cave of Mount Thawr when he said to his Companion (Abu Bakr): ‘Do not grieve. Allah is surely with us.’ So, Allah sent down His serenity upon him, and strengthened him by means of such armies (of angels) that you could not see, and He made the word of the disbelievers the lowermost, and Allah’s Word is (always) the uppermost and exalted. And Allah is Almighty, Most Wise. (9:40)

The Holy Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) stopped at the tent of Umme M'abad

The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) asked Umme M’abad for anything to sell for eating. She replied, if I had something I would not take any money, we have just few goats but Abu Ma'bad has taken them to graze. The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) spotted a goat and asks about it. It is so weak it can't even go out to graze, she replied. The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) took permission and placed his blessed hands under the udder and all of a sudden the udder filled up with milk. The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) milked the goat and gave to all then finally took himself. After taking rest then left for Madina.

Suraaqah bin Maalik follows the Messenger of Allah(صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) to get bounty

Quraysh assigned a great amount of money as a bounty to whoever captures Holy Prophet Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) and his companion. Suraaqah bin Maalik blinded by greed and money, followed the trails of the migrating Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) and his companion until he was as close as a spear's measure of distance from them. AbuBakr was scared for the life of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم), but the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) comforted him and said calmly: “Allah is with us" that is He supports and protects. The legs of Suraaqah’s horse sank deep in the sand until its stomach touched the ground while he was still mounting it. He got terrified and realized at that moment that a miracle was taking place to protect a great Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم). He pleaded for forgiveness and promised not to harm the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم). He embraced Islam a few years after this. (Story is narrated in ‘The beautiful life of Muhammad’ by Muhammad Imdad Hussain Pirzada)

The Holy Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) reaches Qubaa

After travelling for days on unfrequented paths, they reached a suburb of Madina called Qubaa, The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) stayed in Qubaa for some days, and there he built the first mosque of Islam. By that time, Ali Al-Murtaza (ضي الله عنه), who had left Makkah after the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم), also arrived in Qubaa. The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم), his companions from Makkah, and some people of Qubaa went on to Madina, where they had been eagerly anticipating his arrival. On the following Friday, 12th of Rabi-ul-Awwal (September 24, year 622 CE), the Messenger of God left Quba, and entered Madina. (Reference: Investigations of the late Mahmood Pasha al-Falaki of Egypt)

The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) entered Madinah

When the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) entered Madinah he told the people to allow his camel to go her own way for “she is guided by Allah.” All of the Muslims desired that he would lodge with them. Finally the she-camel knelt, but the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) did not dismount. The animal rose to its feet again, ambled ahead for some distance, and then turned back and knelt in the same place it had before. Masjid-e-Nabwi was built on this very spot.

The Holy Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) stays at the house of Abu Ayyub Ansari (ضي الله عنه)

Adjacent to this spot where the camel knelt was the house of Abu Ayyub Ansari (ضي الله عنه) who hurried to lift the saddle from the camel and took it to his home. The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) remarked humorously,“A man must follow his saddle,” and went along with Abu Ayyub (ضي الله عنه). Asad bin Zurara (ضي الله عنه) took hold of the halter, so he was allowed to take care of the camel. The house of Abu Ayyub Ansari (ضي الله عنه) was double-storied. When it was settled that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) would stay at this place for the time being, he offered the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) to stay on the upper storey but the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) could not agree to this proposal, as he felt that people frequently coming to meet him would disturb his (Abu Ayyub’s) family. Thus the ground floor was made vacant for the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم). Abu Ayyub (ضي الله عنه) sent meals to him twice a day and whatever he left uneaten was shared by Abu Ayyub (ضي الله عنه) and his wife. He would look at the marks of the Prophet’s (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) fingers on the food and place his own fingers at the same spots as a source of blessing. Although the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) had stayed at the ground floor according to his own wish, it was quite unbearable for Abu Ayyub (ضي الله عنه) and his wife that they should live upstairs while the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) was downstairs. They were much disturbed to think that in this way they were showing disrespect to the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم). One night they could not sleep and passed the whole night sitting in a corner of the roof. In the morning Abu Ayyub (ضي الله عنه) came to the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) and said, “O Prophet of Allah, we could not sleep at night but passed the whole night sitting in a corner of the roof.” When the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) asked the cause, he replied, “Our parents may be sacrificed on you, we always remain thinking that we are committing disrespect to you. Last night this feeling grew to the utmost and we could not sleep.” After this he requested, “O Prophet of Allah, have mercy upon us and kindly shift upstairs. We are your slaves and shall remain satisfied under your feet.” The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) granted his request and moved upstairs while Abu Ayyub (ضي الله عنه) and his wife moved to the ground floor. Abu Ayyub Ansari’s (ضي الله عنه) full name was Khalid ibn Zayd ibn Kulayb. His grave lies in Istanbul where he was honoured with martyrdom during the siege of Constantinople in the caliphate of Muawiyah (ضي الله عنه) in 48 AH. (References: The History of Islam – Akbar Shah Najeebabadi, When the Moon Split – Safiur Rahman Mubarakpuri, Siratun Nabi – Allama Shibli Nomani & Syed Suleman Nadvi)