The Public Library

It is the first library established by the Ministry of Education in 1380A.H./1960A.D., and currently situated in Al Bahr district in Qurban area, about (2000 m) far from the Prophetical’ s Sacred Precinct.
Its contents amount to more than thirty one thousands books with a section of children books and a section for periodicals.

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Eir Mountain

Eir Mountain is one of the biggest mountain in Madinah Al Munawarah . It is about 7 km away from the Holy Prophet's mosque. It was mentioned in the Holy Hadith as a southern border of Madinah Al Munawarah. The Holy Prophet (p.b.u.h) forbade its trodding in his hadith " Almadinah is a Haram (sanctuary) between Eir and Thowr"; but he said that Eir is one of the mountains of fire and lies on a canal of fire.

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King Abdul Aziz Library

The library is located in the western side of the Honorable Prophet’s Mosque, and overlooking it. Its land area is about (4940 m2 ).The Library was founded in 1393A.H./1973A.D. and inaugurated in 1403 A.H.-1982 A.D. The ancient endowed libraries were annexed there to, numbering (34) libraries including Aref  Hekmat Library, Mahmoudiah Library, Bashir Agha School’s Library, Al Saqezly school’s Library, Rebat Othman Bin Affan  Library, and others.

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Solaie Mountain (Johaineh Mount)

Solaie Mountain is the nearest one to the Holy Prophet's Mosque , only about 500 meters away. It is part of the formations of Selaa Mountain. Some of the Arab tribes, like Bani Aslam, inhabited this mountain at the time of the Holy Prophet (p.b.u.h). Then it was inhabited by the tribe of Johainah. That is why it was named after them. The biggest fortress known as Bab Alshami fortress was build on that mountain during the reign of the Ottoman Sultan Suleiman the First (1520-1566 A.D.).

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Types & Benefits of Dates

  • Dates are mentioned several times in Holy Quran as one of the bounties of Allah to man-kind. Dates may be considered as an almost ideal food, providing a wide range of essential nutrients and potential health benefits.
  • The sugar content of ripe dates is about 80%; the remainder consist of protein, fat and mineral products including copper, sulfur, iron, magnesium and fluoric acid.
  • Dates are high in fiber and an excellent source of potassium.
  • Dates are reputed to be useful in treating respiratory disorders, as well as a salve and a heart stimulant. It is believed to be of benefit to pregnant women. Studies have shown that Dates contain certain stimulants which strengthen the muscles of the uterus in the last few month of pregnancy. This would then assist in the dilation of the uterus at the time of delivery. Dates are also recommended for women in the post- partum period and lactating due to its value as a nutritious, high energy food.
  • Dates are high in fiber, contains a number of vitamins and minerals. Dates are ideal snacks for children as well as adults.
  • Date are perfect natural snack
  • Dates are high in potassium. It has 2.5 times the amount of potassium in bananas. Dates can protect against the buildup of Cholesterol. Dates contain no sodium.
  • Dates are delicious and sweet. Dates can be taken as it is or stuffed with nuts

Selaa Mountain (Thwab Mount)

Selaa mountain is one of the most important features of Madinah Al Munawarah . It is located in the inhabited area to the west of the Holy Prophet's Mosque, about 700 meters away from it. Many old tribes like Johainah and Balie as well as Ashjaa settled on that mountain. The name of this mountain came through the rain-seeking story and the Prophet (p.b.u.h) prayed on that mountain where his prayers were accepted by Allah (s.w.t)

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Bir Uthman

There was a time in Madina when it faced huge shortage of water, due to lack of rainfall. All the wells were dried and barren. Only one well owned by a Jew had water in it. The Jew owner was very biased and sold water on very high prices to the Muslims, and offered absolutely free water to the Jews.

When this news reached the Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم he asked all the Muslims, "Anyone who wants a house in JANNAT should buy that well for the Muslims."

This saying of the Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم reached Hazrat Usman bin Affan رضي الله عنه, that only buying a well can make house in Jannat, he instantly decided to buy that well. He went to that Jew and asked him his price for that well but he said to sell only half of it. Hazrat Usman رضي الله عنه bought half of the well and made it Waqf for the Muslims i.e. they could have as much free water as they wanted.

Now no one purchased water from that Jew, so he asked Hazrat Usman to buy the other half as well which he did happily. Since then this well is known as Bir Uthman.

To get a promise from Allah is the greatest reward any one can get. How would one feel of somebody who got such promises many times in his life and that too about unimaginable mansions in the paradise? It’s the luck of Hazrat Uthman bin Affan رضي الله عنه who got married to two daughters of the Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم and was called Zun Noorain.

This well is still in its original form as was 1400 years ago and the water is pumped through motors for irrigation of the land surrounding it. The land around it consists of dates farms. The well has been covered now but the old pulley still stands out. This area of farms is open for public but is not a known site for ziarah.

This act of Hazrat Uthman and this well always reminds that one should do little or big things for wellbeing of Muslim ummah, and will be promised to be rewarded greatly in jannat.

“Allah has promised, to those among you who believe and work righteous deeds, that He will, of a surety, grant them in the land, inheritance (of power), as He granted it to those before them; that He will establish in authority their religion, the one which He has chosen for them and that He will change (their state), after the fear in which they (lived), to one of security and peace: They will worship Me (alone) and not associate any partner with Me. If any do reject Faith after this, they are rebellious and wicked.”

[Al Qur’an 24:55]

Rasulullah صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم said in a hadith that “Allah has shown me the entire Earth and told me the kingdom of my nation will reach all of it”.

Thaneyat Alwadaa Mountain

A small mountain located inside the inhabited area. It overlooks the region and the market of Almanakha from the southern side. The mountain is in the north of Madinah Al Munawrah, about 1100 meters away from the Holy Prophet's Mosque. The Prophet (p.b.u.h.) camped his army on his way to Tabuk incurson. In Al-Bakhari it was narated that Alsaeb Ibn Yazid has gone with other youngsters to meet the Prophet (p.b.u.h.) at his return from Tabuk.

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Masjidul Ejabah

Eejabah an Arabic word for "Positive/ Affirmative Response". This is one of the Masjid that has gain significance due to some incident and is not built in remembrance of it. This masjid is formerly known as Masjid bani Mua’wiya, situated in banu Mua’wiya district of Madina.

The event that took place at this masjid was that Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم supplicated to Allah three times but only two were accepted and granted, but third one wasn’t.

It is reported in Sahih al-Muslim,  ‘Amir bin Sa’d narrated from his father: One day The Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم came from Al-’Aliyah, passing by the mosque of Banu Mu’awiyah, where he صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم went in and offered two Rak’ahs, and we prayed behind him. After the Salat Rasulullah صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم made a long Du’a to Allah Ta’ala. He then came to us and said, “I asked my Lord three things and He granted me two but withheld one. I begged my Lord that my Ummah should not be destroyed due to famine, and He granted me this. And I begged my Lord that my Ummah should not be destroyed by drowning (by deluge) and He granted me this. And I begged my Lord that my Ummah should not be destroyed by fighting amongst each other, but He did not grant this.”

This Masjid is situated at north west of Masjid Nabwi, and its new section is just adjacent to main ring road. This masjid is very popular ziarah site, street vendors also take advantage of this and setup their stalls, making this area very congested.

This Masjid was formerly a property of Banu Mua'wiya, and was associated with their name.

This Masjid always reminds us that Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم has always made supplications for Ummah and their betterment. Also with that we should remember that all our Duas are not always at once answered or rewarded, but they are either stored for later or there is something in exchange for them that is far better is given to us.

“Truly, Allah loves those who repent, and He loves those who cleanse themselves.”

[Al-Baqarah 2:222]

“There is nothing more dear to Allah Ta’ala than a servant making dua to him.”

[at Tirmidhi]

“The person who does not ask from Allah Ta’ala, Allah Ta’ala becomes angry with him.”

[at Tirmidhi, Ahmad]

The meaning of ijabah is to accept and grant the question so because two out of three supplications of Prophet were granted and the third one was held so on majority it was associated with the name of ijabah.

AL Rayah Mountain (Thubab Mount)

Al Rayah Mountain is a hill that is located about 1.5 km to the north of the Holy Prophet's mosque. Prophet Mohammad (p.b.u.h.) prayed and camped on that "Mountain" at the time of Alkhandaq (The Ditch) incursion according to the hadith of the Holy Prophet (p.b.u.h.)

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Masjidul Miqaat

Meeqat in Arabic means "a stated place”. This a place from where people wear ihram when they are travelling from Madina towards Makkah with the intention of Umrah or Hajj. This Masjid has many names Zul Hulaifah, Masjid Shajarah, Abyar Ali and Al Muris. Zul hulaifah is the name that is mentioned in Hadees by the Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم himself.

"The people of Madinah put on their Ihrams from Dhul Hulaifah, the people of Syria put on their Ihrams from Al Juhfah, the people of Najd from Al-Qarn and the people of Yemen from Yalamlam".

This Masjid is located 7km outside Madinah in area called Zul hulaifah, in Aqeeq Valley. This masjid has much significance; there is a well here that is supposedly either built by Hazrat Ali رضي الله عنه or was the property of Hazrat Ali رضي الله عنه. This well is the reason due to which this Masjid is referred to as Bir Ali or Abar Ali.

It is also said that this is the place from where the Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم wore Ihram when he was going on the journey of umrah a year before Hajj; while his stay at this place he took shade under a tree present here; either for resting or for offering nawafil for Ihram niyat. This was the reason that this masjid is at times known as Masjid Shajarah.

This masjid was first built in the time of Umar bin Abdulaziz, when he was Prince of Madina. It was renovated several times by Abbasid and Ottoman rulers. It was very small at that time and was built with mud and stones, until the time of King Fahad, when  it was expanded and the latest facilities were provided here.

This Masjid is a square shape building with area of 6000 sq.m, having two sets of galleries shaped as arches with long domes at a distance of 1000m2. The minaret of this mosque is uniquely shaped with a square bottom and a round top in a diagonal shape acquiring the height of 64m.

The facilities of the mosque include a large ablution area with washrooms and ihram wearing area and a large parking lot. This Masjid can accommodate 5000 persons at a time. For the ease of pilgrims many shops and stalls are also setup to provide all sorts of items important for ihram and umrah, including male and female ihram, tasbeehat, books etc.

The other meeqat Masjid for the people coming from any other side apart from Madina are:

            Juhfah, for Syria
            Qarnu 'l-Manāzil, for those coming from Najd
            Yalamlam, for Yemen
            Thaneim, for Mecca

Zāt-i-'Irq, for 'Iraq

The Mountain of Tayab

The mountain of the Tayab is located in the north of Madinah Al Munawara. It is about 6 km far from the Holy Prophet's mosque. The tribe of Ghatafan camped at the mountain areaat the time of "Alkhandag Incursion". The site of the mountain is considered a height by comparison to the north of Madina AL Munawra

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Saqifat Bani Sa aida

Saqifah is referred to a roofed building, this particular building was used by banu Sa'idah a Jewish small tribe which was basically a part of khazraj tribe.

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The Mountain of Thowr

The mountain of Thowr is one of the feature of Madinah AL Munawara. It is about 8 km. away from the holy Prophet's Mosque and it considered the northern border of Madinah Al Munawah. It is sayings of the Holy Prophet's that "Al Madinah is Hurum from Aier to Thowr.

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Martyrs of Uhud

After the humiliating defeat in Battle of Badr, Quraish of Makkah were very furious and instantly they started planning on another attack. Right after 13 months of Badr in Shawwal, 3AH, with a huge army they attacked Muslims in Battle of Uhud.

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The Archers' Mountain

The Archers' mountain is located in the north of Madinah Al Munawara, in the south of Uhad mountain. It is a small mountain, round which the battle of Uhad took place in the third year of Hijrah. The holly prophet put 50 archers on that mountain to protect the back of the Muslim fighters. They were led by Abdullah Bin Jobair according to the Prophet's military plan.

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Alharam Mountain (The Red Mountain)

Alharam mountain is one of the most important mountains of Madinah Al Munawah. It is located in the south west region of Madinah Al Munawarah and to the west of Al-Aqeeq Valley. It is made up of the three hills or small mountains known as the Large Haram Mountain, the Medium and the Small . This mountain is known as the Mountain of Alharam because of using it stones in the construction and extention of the Holy Prophet's Mosque.

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Uhud Mountain

The largest mountain range in North of Madinah is Uhud. It consists of a group of mountains that extends from the east to the west with a length of seven kilometers and width is almost three kilometers, which lies at a distance of 5km from Masjid Nabwi.

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The Jemawat Mountains

The Jemawat mountains are located in the westeren region of Madinah Al Munawarah. They are three as Jemaa Tedharea, Jemaa Um-Khalid and Jimaa Alaqer. The first is 4.5 km away from the Holy Prophet's Mosque, the second about 6 km and the third about 9 km from the Holy Prophet's Mosque. The history of these jemawat is linked to the history of the civilization of Alaqeeq Valley where the Umayads build palaces and dams and planted orchards. Assem's Dam is as famous as his palace as well as palace of Saeed Ibn Al-Ass.

Historic volcanic activity around Al Madinah

Oldest lavas near Al Madinah

2 Million years

1st Historic eruption

641 AD (20 AH)

2nd Historic eruption continued  for 52 days

1256 AD (654 AH)

The areas of Tertiary volcanism in western Saudi Arabia appear to be largely inactive at present. However, the Cenozoic volcanic lava field of Harrat Rahat, which is about 310 km long and lies between Makkah and Al Madinah, has experienced volcanism in historic times.The total volume of lava in this harrat is about 2000 km3, and volcanism

commenced about 10 million years ago, with the more recent flows toward the northern end of the harrat.

The oldest lavas near Madinah are geologically very young, only about 2 million years old. In this area the youngest “Post-Neolithic” lavas (less than 6000 years old) resulted from 11 eruptions, with 2 historic eruptions in AD 641 and AD 1256. The 641 AD eruption resulted in a small line of cinder cones to the southwest of the city. The last well-documented eruption in Saudi Arabia occurred in the northern end of Harrat Rahat near Al Madinah in 1256 AD/ 654 AH, and was preceded by significant earthquake activity for several days. Fountains of basalt lava were then seen 19 km to the southeast of the city, and lava advanced toward the city. The eruption continued for 52 days, and the lava flow reached to within 12 km of the city before activity ceased. About half a cubic kilometer of alkali olivine basalt was extruded from a 2.25 km-long fissure during this eruption. Three large scoria cones and three low spatter cones were produced at the vent zone, and the lava flowed a maximum distance of 23 km. The area continues to be of some concern, especially since the city is now expanding into the area of the flow, and SGS maintains a local seismograph network around this end of the harrat and the city to warn of any impending risk from an eruption, although there is a very low probability of this happening.


NASA World Wind Geocover2000 false color image of northern Harrat Rahat, derived from 2 infrared and 1 visible green spectral bands. The city of Al Madinah occupies the left side of the image, and the harrat lava flows are the black regions, with the most recent flows showing as the darkest areas. The volcanic cones or eruption centers are red/orange in this image. It can be seen that the flows from the 1256 AD eruption reached almost to the city, and are close to the present airport, part of which can be seen near the top edge of the image. Note that development is now taking place within the area of this historic lava flow, which increases the risk in the very unlikely event of any further volcanic activity in the area.

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